Gateshead, Tyne and Wear
Bowes Railway was originally a colliery railway built to carry coal mainly from pits in north west Durham to the Tyne at Jarrow. The earliest section was designed by George Stephenson and opened on 17 January 1826, making it one of the world's first modern railways.
It was 15 miles long when completed in 1855. Each end was locomotive worked; the six mile middle section consisting of rope worked inclines with very steep gradients. At its peak, the Railway handled over 1 million tons of coal per year and remained virtually intact until 1968. Between 1968 and 1974, most of the line was closed until only the last 3.5 miles between Monkton and Jarrow staithes were operated by the National Coal Board.
However, the original 1826 section between the Black Fell bank head and Springwell bank head was acquired for preservation in 1976 by Tyne and Wear County Council. This comprises Blackham's Hill West and East inclines, which are operated by a stationary haulage engine. It is the only working preserved standard gauge rope hauled railway in the world. In 1977, the Railway's Engineering and Wagon Shops at Springwell were added to the scheme, providing the facilities needed for maintenance.
Operating days will be updated soon.
The Springwell site is also open for visitors Monday - Friday each week between 10am and 3pm, although no trains will be running.
Visitors should use the staff (level crossing) car park on these days and call in to the Manager's Office.
Additionally, the site is also open on Saturdays, subject to availability of volunteer staff.
There is no charge for admission on non-operating days and a guide can often be found to show visitors the site. It is, however, advisable to telephone first, especially if coming from a distance (tel: 0191 416 1847). Visitors can see the various workshops, view the locomotives and rolling stock, and the exhibitions. Occasionally shunting movements may take place in Springwell Colliery Yard. Come and experience the feel of a genuine colliery environment.
Free parking. On operating days, visitors should use the main public car-park (signposted). On weekdays, the staff car park at the level crossing may be used
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